Welland History .ca

The TALES you probably never heard about

Dr. Augustus Louis Jukes (1821-1905)

{Compiled by ‘S’}

Augustus Louis Jukes was born October 30, 1821 in Maharashtra, India.

He was the youngest son of Dr. Andrew Jukes, a physician who was an expert on Arabian affaires and served as secretary to the British Embassy in Tehran. Dr. Jukes was  on a special mission to the Court of Persia when he developed cholera and died before seeing his son Augustus.

In 1822 Augustus returned to England with his mother. The family came to Canada in 1834. The family settled on the Six Nations Indian Reserve, stayed here as a pioneer family until 1837 when Augustus returned to England for more education. Augustus returned to Canada in 1840.

About this time the provincial government assumed control of the Welland Canal and embarked on a program to enlarge it. Augustus Jukes first worked as a roadman to Thomas C. Keefer and then as assistant engineer. Here he worked for the next four years. A change of government resulted  in engineering staff being discharged. At this time Augustus Jukes decided to become a physician.

In 1846 Augustus worked as a medical student with Dr. Theophilus Mack of St Catharines. In 1847 he entered King’s College of Toronto and graduated with medical licence in 1849

In 1849  Dr. Augustus Jukes was appointed surgeon to three companies of incorporated militia whose duty it was to maintain order along the Welland Canal. The headquarters of this group was in Port Robinson and it was here that Dr. Augustus Jukes practiced. A directory has Dr. Jukes ,in 1865, as a resident of Port Robinson and a newspaper notice of his practicing from Coleman’s Hotel in Port Robinson.

In 1857 the militia was disbanded., Dr Jukes eventually moved to St Catharines.

Dr Augustus Jukes married Phoebe Adams on June 7, 1848. She was born October 30, 1821 in New Brunswick. Her father was mayor of St Catharines. Her mother was a sister of Hon. William Hamilton Merritt. They had seven children.

DrAugustus Jukes parents were Dr, Andrew Jukes born December 16,1774 in Shropshire, England.

His mother was Georgina Mary Ewart (!775-1856). She  was a godchild of King George III and a relative of Wm. Ewart Gladstone.

They were married November 30,1814 in Paris, France. Dr. Andrew Jukes died November 10,1821 in Iran.

Dr Augustus Louis Jukes wrote prose and poetry and was an excellent speaker. He was elected first president of the medical association of St Catharines and Lincoln..

In 1878 Dr. Jukes ran on the conservative ticket in the federal election. He was defeated and financially ruined..

On January 28, 1882  on the recommendation of John A. MacDonald he was appointed senior surgeon to the North West Mounted Police. Dr. Jukes moved to Toronto. He examined 214 recruits, as senior medical officer, he left Toronto for Fort Walsh, Cypress Hills region of south west Saskatchewan. It took 32 days to travel there.

The following year he was transferred to North West Mounted Police Headquarters in Regina. He made many trips to outposts in the north west.

In 1885 during Louis Riel’s time in jail, Dr. Jukes visited with him and became friendly with him.

Dr. August Jukes was a member off the commission declaring Louis Riel to be sane. Dr Jukes attended the execution of Louis Riel on November 16, 1885 at police barracks in Regina.

Dr. August Louis Jukes died December 3, 1905 in Vancouver, British Columbia. He is buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Vancouver, British Columbia

The children of Augustus Louis Jukes.

Caroline Jukes born July 11, 1859. She married Gilbert E. Sanders, they lived in Calgary Alberta.

Andrew Jukes was born September 14, 1857  in Ontario. He married Rose Halse on October 2, 1884 in Brandon Manitoba.

He lived in Vancouver and worked as a banker. They had four children.

Andrew Jukes died November 17, 1922 and buried in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Sub Lieutenant William J. Jukes was born April 3, 1849 in Toronto. He was in the Royal Navy.

He died March 8, 1872 in Bay of Biscay. He is buried in Harrow-on-the-hill, London England.

“In memory of Sub Lieutenant William A. Jukes, R.N. aged 22 years, late of  Her Majesty’s Ship Ariadne, who was drowned at sea, on the eighth of March 1872. Others of a boat crew, in a gallant attempt to save the life of a shipmate who had fallen overboard. This window is erected by his Brother Officers, to record regret at his loss, & warm admiration of his heroic conduct.”

Katherine Jane Jukes was born 1865?  In Ontario. She married George Buchanan Moffatt born December 13, 1854 in Ontario. He joined the North West Mounted Police in 1878. He became inspector in 1883 and superintendent in 1890. He was retired in 1902 due to poor health.He died  on July 4, 1950 in Victoria, British Columbia.

They had one son Kenneth George Moffatt he was laborer, single died March 4, 1926 at age 39 in Sidney, British Columbia.

Hamilton Augustus Jukes was born in Ontario. He married Mary McBean. Hamilton was an engineer. He was commissioned by the Winnipeg & Hudson Bay Railway & Steamship Company to complete a hydrographical survey of the Nelson River in Northern Manitoba during 1882-1883.

During 1900 he was swamp land commissioner in Winnipeg.

Hamilton  Augustus Jukes died January 16, 1933 in St, James , Manitoba, at the age of 80. He is buried in the Elmwood Cemetery in Winnipeg.

Elias Arthur Jukes was born December 4, 1852 in New Brunswick. He was a druggist and worked in the same building as his father in St Catharines

Elias married Alice Maud Mary Birchall on August 12,1891 in York.

Elias Arthur Jukes died February 28, 1930 in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Susan Ann Jukes was born December 1856. in St Catharines. She married Paul Harry Marshall November , 1877 in Lincoln. Paul was a druggist. They moved to  British Columbia. He died January 10,1920. in Vancouver.

More References

Glenbow Museum, Archives Located under  Jukes and Sanders families. With photos.

The Queen’s own Rifles of Canada Regimental Museum has The Louis Riel Coroner’s Jury Report.

Dilys Leman,, is the great-great granddaughter of Dr. Augustus Jukes. She wrote a book “The Winter Count” in 2014.